Witteman Holly O et al. "Are gender gaps due to evaluations of the applicant or the science? A natural experiment at a national funding agency". 2019



Across countries and disciplines, studies show male researchers receive more research funding than their female peers. Because most studies have been observational, it is unclear whether imbalances stem from evaluations of female research investigators or of their proposed research. In 2014, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research created a natural experiment by dividing investigator-initiated funding applications into two new grant programmes: one with and one without an explicit review focus on the calibre of the principal investigator."

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Article, paper, chapter
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Gender and Science taxonomy: 
Assessment of excellence
Gender stereotypes & bias
Uncovering & confronting bias
Institutional practices and processes
Policy setting & implementation